Posted on January 14, 2015
From the first attempts to do it in the 1950s to modern day techniques, bariatric surgery has always been controversial. Here’s our bariatric surgery timeline.
The first attempts at bariatric surgery are performed.
The first bariatric surgery to be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal is performed by Kremen and associates. This operation was a jejuno-ileal bypass.
Surgeon Edward E. Mason at the University of Iowa develops the first gastric bypass surgery (referred to as intestinal bypass at the time) after noticing that people who had large portions of their stomachs or intestines surgically removed because of cancer or ulcers had dramatic weight loss no matter how much they ate.
Biliopancreatic diversion is developed in Genoa, Italy.
The adjustable gastric band is developed by Lubomyr I. Kuzmak, MD.
The Roux en Y Gastric Bypass (RNY) becomes a popular bariatric surgery option.
Mason founds the American Society of Bariatric Surgeons.
Hess develops a hybrid operation with the advantages of Biliopancreatic diversion but without causing stomach ulcers and dumping syndrome comme with the original operation. It is called Biliopancreatic Diversion With a Duodenal Switch.
The National Institutes of Health endorse Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery as a valid option, but only for treating dangerous morbid obesity.
Dr. Fobi’s “Fobi Pouch” is approved by the National Institutes of Health. The artificial pouch becomes the person’s stomach and food can then bypass the main stomach and bowel.
Hess presents his new method to the medical community.
The new Hess method is presented in a paper by Marceau, Biron et al.
The Lap-Band gastric belt becomes available in Europe.
Roseanne Barr has gastric bypass surgery with Dr. Fobi and his Fobi Pouch technique. Eight months after the surgery, Roseanne informs the audience of her talk show that she owes her weight loss to the Fobi Pouch. This brings Dr. Fobi a great deal of attention.
Sharon Osbourne undergoes lap-band surgery and loses 125 pounds.
Aug. 10, 1999
Carnie Wilson, singer for Wilson Phillips, has gastric bypass surgery, broadcasting it live over the Internet as an advertisement for her surgeon, Dr. Alan Wittgrove. The broadcast is viewed by more than 500,000 people. After this broadcast and the subsequent media attention, the number of surgeries Wittgrove performs increases threefold.
John Popper of the band Blues Traveler undergoes gastric bypass surgery.
The Lap-Band gastric belt becomes available in the U.S.
The Today Show’s Al Roker undergoes gastric bypass surgery and loses more than 100 pounds. The publicity surrounding his surgery causes a surge in gastric bypass surgeries in the United States.
Jan. 15, 2003
Anne Rice has gastric bypass surgery after her weight gain begins causing serious health problems such as sleep apnea.
American Idol judge Randy Jackson undergoes gastric bypass surgery with the Fobi Pouch technique at the Center for the Surgical Treatment of Obesity in Southern California.
March 6, 2005
Former Argentinian soccer player Diego Maradona undergoes gastric bypass surgery in Colombia.
The FDA approves adjustable gastric bands for patients with a BMI between 30 and 40 and at least one weight-related health condition as long as more traditional methods like diet and exercise have already been tried.
November 8, 2012
Sharon Osborne, who had lap-band surgery in 1999, wrote on her Atkins diet blog: “The band was not the solution to my weight struggles, as I had hoped it would be. It was just like everything else, you find a way around it. And I found out that if I had a glass of wine, it loosened it up and I could eat whatever I wanted, so it became redundant. It’s taken me 60 years to realize that it’s not about a diet. It’s about a life change.”
New Jersey Governor Chris Christie has adjustable gastric band surgery.
Rosie O’Donnell undergoes vertical gastric sleeve surgery after suffering a heart attack.