lap-band surgery

Bariatric Surgery

Posted on January 14, 2015

From the first attempts to do it in the 1950s to modern day techniques, bariatric surgery has always been controversial. Here’s our bariatric surgery timeline.

1950s
The first attempts at bariatric surgery are performed.

1954
The first bariatric surgery to be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal is performed by Kremen and associates. This operation was a jejuno-ileal bypass.

1967
Surgeon Edward E. Mason at the University of Iowa develops the first gastric bypass surgery (referred to as intestinal bypass at the time) after noticing that people who had large portions of their stomachs or intestines surgically removed because of cancer or ulcers had dramatic weight loss no matter how much they ate.

Late 1970s
Biliopancreatic diversion is developed in Genoa, Italy.

1980s
The adjustable gastric band is developed by Lubomyr I. Kuzmak, MD.

1982
The Roux en Y Gastric Bypass (RNY) becomes a popular bariatric surgery option.

1983
Mason founds the American Society of Bariatric Surgeons.

1988
Hess develops a hybrid operation with the advantages of Biliopancreatic diversion but without causing stomach ulcers and dumping syndrome comme with the original operation. It is called Biliopancreatic Diversion With a Duodenal Switch.

1991
The National Institutes of Health endorse Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery as a valid option, but only for treating dangerous morbid obesity.

1991
Dr. Fobi’s “Fobi Pouch” is approved by the National Institutes of Health. The artificial pouch becomes the person’s stomach and food can then bypass the main stomach and bowel.

1992
Hess presents his new method to the medical community.

1993
The new Hess method is presented in a paper by Marceau, Biron et al.

1994
The Lap-Band gastric belt becomes available in Europe.

1998
Roseanne Barr has gastric bypass surgery with Dr. Fobi and his Fobi Pouch technique. Eight months after the surgery, Roseanne informs the audience of her talk show that she owes her weight loss to the Fobi Pouch. This brings Dr. Fobi a great deal of attention.

1999
Sharon Osbourne undergoes lap-band surgery and loses 125 pounds.

Aug. 10, 1999
Carnie Wilson, singer for Wilson Phillips, has gastric bypass surgery, broadcasting it live over the Internet as an advertisement for her surgeon, Dr. Alan Wittgrove. The broadcast is viewed by more than 500,000 people. After this broadcast and the subsequent media attention, the number of surgeries Wittgrove performs increases threefold.

April 2000
John Popper of the band Blues Traveler undergoes gastric bypass surgery.

2001
The Lap-Band gastric belt becomes available in the U.S.

2002
The Today Show’s Al Roker undergoes gastric bypass surgery and loses more than 100 pounds. The publicity surrounding his surgery causes a surge in gastric bypass surgeries in the United States.

Jan. 15, 2003
Anne Rice has gastric bypass surgery after her weight gain begins causing serious health problems such as sleep apnea.

July 2003
American Idol judge Randy Jackson undergoes gastric bypass surgery with the Fobi Pouch technique at the Center for the Surgical Treatment of Obesity in Southern California.

March 6, 2005
Former Argentinian soccer player Diego Maradona undergoes gastric bypass surgery in Colombia.

Feb. 2011
The FDA approves adjustable gastric bands for patients with a BMI between 30 and 40 and at least one weight-related health condition as long as more traditional methods like diet and exercise have already been tried.

November 8, 2012
Sharon Osborne, who had lap-band surgery in 1999, wrote on her Atkins diet blog: “The band was not the solution to my weight struggles, as I had hoped it would be. It was just like everything else, you find a way around it. And I found out that if I had a glass of wine, it loosened it up and I could eat whatever I wanted, so it became redundant. It’s taken me 60 years to realize that it’s not about a diet. It’s about a life change.”

Feb. 2013
New Jersey Governor Chris Christie has adjustable gastric band surgery.

July 2013
Rosie O’Donnell undergoes vertical gastric sleeve surgery after suffering a heart attack.

References
http://www.atkins.com/how-it-works/atkins-blogs/sharon-osbourne/my-experience-with-stomach-surgery
http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/lap-band-surgery-helped-chris-christie-article-1.1951266

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