Clara Barton

Clara Barton

Posted on January 23, 2015

She refused to accept that women could only perform certain jobs and became the first woman to hold a job in the U.S. Patent Office and one of the first women to hold a government job, period. She then traveled to the front lines during the Civil War to help take care of wounded soldiers and eventually founded the United States Red Cross.

Dec. 25, 1821
Clarissa Harlowe Barton is born on Christmas Day in North Oxford, Massachusetts tp Stephen Barton and Sarah Stone Barton.

May 1838
She becomes a teacher.

1845
Founds a school for the workers at her brother’s mill.

1850
She enrolls at the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York where she studies writing and languages.

1855
Goes to work at the U.S. Patent Office as a clerk. She is believed to be the first woman to hold a job in the U.S. government and she receives the same salary as the male clerks. However, due to political pressure to keep women from working in such government jobs, she is demoted to copyist.

1856
She is let go from the U.S. Patent Office because she is a woman.

1861
She goes back to work at the U.S. Patent Office as a temporary copyist.

April 1861
The Civil War breaks out. After the Battle of Bull Run, she establishes an agency to distribute supplies to soldiers. She also nurses soldiers on the battlefields and is nicknamed the “Angel of the Battlefield.”

August 1862
She travels to the front lines and nurses men of both the North and South during the bloody sieges of Petersburg and Richmond. She cleans the hospitals, attends to soldiers’ wounds and serves them food.

1863
She becomes romantically involved with Colonel John J. Elwell, who is married.

1864
Union General Benjamin Butler names her “lady in charge” of the hospitals at the front line of the Army of the James. During this period, a bullet shoots through the sleeve of her dress and kills the man she is tending. She becomes known as the “Angel of the Battlefield.”

March 1865
President Abraham Lincoln appoints her General Correspondent for the Friends of Paroled Prisoners.

1869
She travels to Geneva, Switzerland for a rest after doctors recommend she take a break.

1870
While in Europe, she becomes involved with the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War.

1873
She returns to the United States.

1877
The International Red Cross officials ask her to start the American Red Cross. During the same year, she organizes aid efforts in the Florida yellow fever epidemic.

May 2, 1881
She forms the first branch of the American Red Cross and serves as its president.

1882
She urges the United States to ratify the Geneva Convention.

March 16, 1882
The Geneva Convention is ratified by Congress.

March 15, 1888
Her brother, David Barton, dies.

May 1889
Helps with relief efforts after the devastating flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.

1891
Travels to Russia to work in the relief effort during the Russian famine.

1892
Writes a poem entitled “The Women Who Went to the Field.”

Aug. 27, 1893
A hurricane hits Georgia, the Sea Islands, South and North Carolina, and Virginia.

1893
Clara directs the “Sea Island Relief” efforts for ten months after the hurricane.

1896
Sails in a cargo ship from Cuba to Turkey to aid the victims of the Armenian Massacre.

1898
The National Society of the Spanish War names her Honorary President, but she resigns after Susan B. Anthony tells her the society does not accept African-Americans.

1899
Publishes a book entitled The Red Cross in Peace and War.

Clara Barton The Red Cross In Peace and War

The Red Cross in Peace and War

Sept. 8, 1900
A hurricane and tidal wave hit Galveston, Texas. Barton directs the relief effort.

1904
Publishes a book entitled A Story of the Red Cross: Glimpses of Field Work.

Clara Barton A Story of the Red Cross: Glimpses of Field Work

A Story of the Red Cross: Glimpses of Field Work

1904
She resigns from her job as president of the Red Cross.

1906
She organizes the National First Aid Association of America.

1907
She writes The Story of My Childhood.

April 12, 1912
Clara dies in Glen Echo, Maryland at the age of 91 and is buried in a family plot in Oxford, Massachusetts.

1948
A U.S. commemorative stamp is issues in her honor.
Clara Barton Stamp