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Anne Frank Timeline

June 12, 1929: Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany to Otto Frank and Edith Holländer.

Summer 1933: Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany and the first anti-Jewish laws are established. Because of this, the Franks move to the Netherlands.

anne_frank.jpg1934: Anne begins school in Amsterdam.

May 10, 1940: The Germans invade the Netherlands.

April 1941: All Dutch Jews are forced to wear yellow stars.

June 12, 1942: Anne receives a diary for her birthday.

July 5, 1942: Anne's sister, Margot, is ordered to report for deportation to a labor camp.

July 6, 1942: Because of Margot's deportation order, The Frank family goes into hiding in Amsterdam, living in the attic above her father, Otto Frank's, warehouse.

July 13, 1942: The van Pels family joins the Frank family in the secret annex.

Nov. 16, 1942: Fritz Pfeffer joins the annex.

Aug. 4, 1944: The residents of the annex are arrested and send to Westerbork transit camp.

Sept. 3, 1944: They are all sent in a cattle car to Auschwitz. Once there, the men are separated from the women.

Oct. 28, 1944: Anne and Margot are transported to Bergen-Belsen concentraton camp.

Jan. 6, 1945: Anne's mother dies at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Jan. 27, 1945: The Russian Allies liberate the remaining survivors in Auschwitz, including Otto Frank.

March 1945: Anne and her sister Margot die of typhus in Bergen-Belson.

June 3, 1945: Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam, not knowing whether his daughters are still alive. He is reunited with Miep and Jan Gies.

Oct. 24, 1945: Otto receives word that Anne and Margot died at Bergen-Belsen. Miep gives him the diary written by Anne that she found in the annex after the family was arrested.

1947: The first printing of Anne's diary is published in Amsterdam.

June 16, 1952: Anne's diary, Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl, is published in the United States.

May 3, 1957: Otto Frank and others establish the Anne Frank Foundation. Their goal is to preserve the Prinsengracht building and allow public access.

1958: A group of protesters at a performace of The Diary of Anne Frank proclaim that Anne Frank never existed. In attendance is Simon Wiesenthal, whom they challenge to prove Anne existed by producing the man who arrested her.

1959: Otto Frank sues former Hitler youth member Lothar Stielau, who published a school paper stating Anne's diary is a forgery.

May 3, 1960: The Anne Frank House opens.

1960: The court declares the diary to be genuine and Stielau retracts his statements.

1963: Otto and wife Elfriede set up a charitable foundation in Basel, Switzerland called Anne Frank Fonds.

1963: Simon Wiesenthal is successful in his search for the man who arrested Anne Frank. His name is Karl Silberbauer.

1976: Otto Frank sues Heinz Roth of Frankfurt, who has been publishing pamphlets stating that Anne's diary was a forgery. The judge rules that Roth will be fined 500,000 Deutschmarks and be sentenced to six months' in jail if he does not cease and desist.

1980: Two neo-Nazis, Ernst Römer and Edgar Geiss, are placed on trial in Germany after distributing material denouncing Anne's diary as a fake. They are found guilty.

Aug. 19. 1980:: Otto Frank dies and wills the original diary to the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation.

Oct. 9, 1980: The New York Post publishes a report by Al Fredricks entitled, "Anne Frank may not have inked that famous diary." The article stated, "The results of tests performed at the BKA laboratories show that portions of the work, specially of the fourth volume, were written with a ballpoint pen." This sparked controversy since ballpoint pens were not believe to have been widely available during Anne Frank's lifetime.

1986: The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation commissions a forensic analysis of the diary through the Netherlands Ministry of Justice. After examination, they determined that the diary is authentic and that the ink used was indeed available during the time the diary was written.

March 23, 1990: The Hamburg Regional Court confirms the diary's authenticity.







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