Posted on January 16, 2015
Known as the First Lady of Civil Rights and the mother of the freedom movement, Rosa Parks changed history when she refused to give up her bus seat in the colored section to a white passenger.
Rosa Louise McCauley is born in Tuskegee, Alabama to James and Leona McCauley.
Marries Raymond Parks, a barber from Montgomery, Alabama. Raymond is a member of the NAACP.
Receives her high school diploma after her husband urges her to do so.
Parks joins the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP and is elected secretary to its president, E.D. Nixon. She later says of this: “I was the only woman there, and they needed a secretary, and I was too timid to say no.”
Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man when the bus driver orders her to do so. She is arrested and fined $14.
Parks stands trial and is found guilty of breaking the segregation laws. This leads to a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system organized by Martin Luther King, Jr.
After receiving threats and losing her job, Parks and her husband move from Alabama to Detroit.
Her husband, Raymond, dies of cancer.
In honor of the 25th anniversay of her bus stand, The Detroit News and Detroit Public Schools establish the Rosa Parks Scholarship Foundation.
Parks founds the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development.
Publishes her first book, Rosa Parks My Story.
A 28 year-old man breaks into Parks’ Detroit home, robs her, and assaults her. She says of the attack: “”I regret very much that some of our people are in such a mental state that they would hurt and rob an older person.”
Speaks at the Million Man March in Washington, D.C.
Parks files a lawsuit against rap group OutKast for using her name without her consent in a song title. The group hires the attorney for Martin Luther King Jr.’s estate to defend them. The judge rules against Parks, causing public outrage.
President Clinton awards her the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor.
The Rosa Parks Museum and Library opens in Montgomery, Alabama.
Her landlord threatens to evict her from her Detroit apartment after her caregivers are late making rent payments.
Her landlord decides to let her live indefinitely in her apartment without having to pay rent.
Parks dies in Detroit at the age of 92.
Becomes the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda, Washington D.C.
Rosa Parks is buried in Detroit with the bodies of her husband and her mother.